Beyond Nationalism and Religion: From Sunni Grievances …

…Arab political culture is implicitly tasked by its own stated ideals with highlighting and enabling the shared common identity while managing and containing factional identities. However, the failure of states and cultures in the Arab world in realizing this common identity has reduced it to a mere thin cover that barely hides the fragmented factional. The primary expression of factionalism in the Arab world, notably in its eastern part, is communitarianism. Yet an important transformation has affected the character of Arab communitarianism as it slides toward sectarianism….more:  washingtoninstitute.org