Reward and Punishment Act as Distinct factors in Guiding Behavior.

Kubanek J1, Snyder LH2, Abrams RA3.
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Abstract
Behavior rests on the experience of reinforcement and punishment. It has been unclear whether reinforcement and punishment act as oppositely valenced components of a single behavioral factor, or whether these two kinds of outcomes play fundamentally distinct behavioral roles. To this end, we varied the magnitude of a reward or a penalty experienced following a choice using monetary tokens. The outcome of each trial was independent of the outcome of the previous trial, which enabled us to isolate and study the effect on behavior of each outcome …MORE:  .ncbi.nlm.nih.gov