The Prophet During the Last Ten Nights

‘Aa’ishah  may Allaah be pleased with her reported: “When the last ten days of Ramadhaan came, the Prophet  sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allaah exalt his mention )would stay up all night, wake his family and gird his loins”. [Al-Bukhaari and Muslim]. In the book of Imaam Muslim the narration read: “He strove hard and girded his loins”. Imaam Ibn Hajar  may Allaah have mercy upon him said: “His staying all night was in worship and acts of obedience, and the reason he woke his family was for them to pray the optional night prayers, and girding his loins referred to him abstaining from sleeping with his wives”

‘Aa’ishah  may Allaah be pleased with her reported: “The Prophet  sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allaah exalt his mention ) used to strive hard (in worship) during the last ten days of Ramadhaan in a way that he did not strive at any other times.” [Muslim]

Zaynab Bint Umm Salamah  may Allaah be pleased with her reported: “Whenever the last ten nights of Ramadhaan came, the Prophet  sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allaah exalt his mention ) would not leave any member of his family who could physically pray the night prayers but would wake them up.” [At-Tirmithi]

 

The Way of the Prophet  sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allaah exalt his mention ) in I’tikaaf

‘Aa’ishah  may Allaah be pleased with her reported: “The Prophet, sallallaahualayhi wa sallam, used to do I’tikaaf  (residing in the mosque with the intention of worship) during the last ten days of Ramadhaan  until he passed away, then his wives did I’tikaaf after him”

Ibn ‘Umar  may Allaah be pleased with him reported: “The Prophet  sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allaah exalt his mention ) used to do I’tikaaf during the last ten days of Ramadhaan” [Al-Bukhaari and Muslim]

‘Aa’ishah  may Allaah be pleased with her reported: “When the Prophet  sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allaah exalt his mention ) wanted to do I’tikaaf, he would pray Fajr, then enter the place where he was to do I’tikaaf” [Al-Bukhaari and Muslims]

Once the Prophet  sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allaah exalt his mention ) wanted to do I’tikaaf in the last ten nights of Ramadhaan, so he commanded a small tent be placed for him in the mosque. Zaynab  may Allaah be pleased with her also commanded a tent be placed for her for I’tikaaf, and after that other wives of the Prophet  sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allaah exalt his mention ) commanded likewise. After he  sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allaah exalt his mention ) prayed the Fajr prayer he noticed the tents and commanded his tent to be removed and did not resume I’tikaaf the remaining part of Ramadhaan, and instead he went into I’tikaaf the first ten nights of the month of Shawwaal. This proves that he  sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allaah exalt his mention ) had a special isolated area away form the people for I’tikaaf that was enough only for him.

Abu Hurayrah  may Allaah be pleased with him reported: “The Messenger of Allaah  sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allaah exalt his mention ) used to perform I’tikaaf every year in the month of Ramadhaan for ten days, and when it was the year of his death, he stayed in I’tikaaf for twenty days”. [Al-Bukhaari]

Ibn ‘Umar  may Allaah be pleased with him narrated that the Prophet  sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allaah exalt his mention ) said: “Seek Laylatul-Qadr (i.e. the night of decree) in the last ten days of Ramadhaan” [Al-Bukhaari]

Abu Sa’eed Al-Khudri  may Allaah be pleased with him said: “The Messenger of Allaah  sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allaah exalt his mention ) did I’tikaaf during the first ten days of Ramadhaan, then he did I’tikaaf during the middle ten days in a Turkish tent [a circular structure] in which a mat was placed. He said: “So he  sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allaah exalt his mention ) took the mat in his hand and put it at the side of the tent, then he raised his head to speak to the people, so they came closer to him. He  sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allaah exalt his mention ) said: “I did I’tikaaf during the first ten days, seeking this night, then I did I’tikaaf during the middle ten days. Then someone came to me and told me that it is in the last ten days, so whoever among you wants to do I’tikaaf, let him do so.” So the people did I’tikaaf with him. He  sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allaah exalt his mention ) said:“I was shown an odd-numbered night, in the morning of which I was prostrating in mud and water”.Then in the morning of the twenty-first, he  sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allaah exalt his mention ) got up to pray the Fajr prayer and it was raining; the roof of the mosque leaked, and there was mud and water. He  sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allaah exalt his mention ) came out when he had finished praying, and there was mud and water on his forehead and nose. That was the morning of the twenty-first, one of the last ten days. [Muslim]

Abu Hurayrah  may Allaah be pleased with him reported that the Prophet  sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allaah exalt his mention ) said: “Whoever stays up praying during Laylatul-Qadr (i.e. in prayer) out of faith and in the hope of Allaah’s reward, all his previous sins will be forgiven.” [Al-Bukhaari and Muslim]

‘Aa’ishah  may Allaah be pleased with her reported: “When the Messenger of Allaah  sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allaah exalt his mention ) was in I’tikaaf, he inclined his head towards me and I combed his hair whilst I was on my menses inside my room (i.e. which overlooked the mosque), and he did not enter the house except for a need (i.e. relieving himself).” [Al-Bukhaari and Muslim] He  sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allaah exalt his mention ) would walk his wives back home if any of them visited him in the mosque during I’tikaaf.

Al-Husayn Ibn Ali  may Allaah be pleased with him reported: “Safiyyah the wife of the Prophet  sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allaah exalt his mention ) came and visited him during his I’tikaaf in the mosque during the last ten days of Ramadhaan. She spoke with him for a while, then she stood up to go home. The Prophet  sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allaah exalt his mention ) stood up with her to walk her back, then when she reached the door of the mosque, by the door of Umm Salamah, two men of the Ansaar passed by and greeted the Prophet  sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allaah exalt his mention ) and rapidly moved away. The Prophet  sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allaah exalt his mention ) said to them: “Wait, this is Safiyyah bint Huyay.” They said: “Subhaanallaah, O Messenger of Allaah!” They felt distressed (that he thought they might think something bad). The Prophet  sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allaah exalt his mention ) said: “The devil is as close to a man as his blood.” In another report: “The devil flows through the veins of a man like blood. I was afraid that the devil might cast some evil ideas into your hearts.”  [Al-Bukhaari and Muslim]

Ibn Al-Qayyim  may Allaah have mercy upon him said: “Whenever the Prophet  sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allaah exalt his mention ) was in I’tikaaf, a mat would be placed for him and a bed, and if he went out to use the bathroom, he would not talk to anyone, and his I’tikaaf area was small, unlike what some ignorant people do by making their area fit ten people so that they can receive visitors. This is contrary to the manner of the Prophet’s I’tikaaf”