A: definition: Zakat literally means: “to increase.” “to purify,” and “to bless.” It find its origin in Allah’s command to: “Take sadaqah (charity) from their property in order to purify and sanctify them” [at-Taubah 103]. That is why this kind of sadaqah is called zakah, for by paying it, one is aspiring to attain blessing, purification, and the cultivation of good deeds.
Zakat according to Islamic Faith it means the above and in According to the Hanafi madhab: “ is 2.5% of wealth that has been in one’s possession for a lunar year. If wealth amounts to less than a threshold figure, termed the nisab *, then no Zakat is payable. If wealth amounts to more than the nisab, Zakat becomes obligatory.”
* Nisab, consider the value 87.43 g of gold. There is no Zakat on any wealth less than that and Zakat is considered a compulsory act of worship, not a tax or even a charity.
B: zakat al Fitr (Fitrana)
Zakat-ul-Fitr is compulsory and an important part of Ramadan and a key charity given for the love of Allah. It must be given before Eid prayer in the form of what is considered as staple food in the community. “The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) ordained Zakat ul Fitr to purify the fasting person from indecent words or actions, and to provide food for the needy. It is accepted as zakah for the person who gives it before the Eid prayer; but it is a mere sadaqah for the one who gives it after the prayer.” [Abu Dawud and Ibn Majah]
The minimum amount is one sa` (four double handfuls ) of food, grain or dried fruit for each member of the family..
This Year :zakat al Fitr (Fitrana) is $10 for each member of the family at: (ISWM)
C: The Eight Kinds of People Who Receive Zakat
The answer is designated by God in the Quran.
“Indeed, [prescribed] charitable offerings are only [to be given] to the poor and the indigent, and to those who work on [administering] it, and to those whose hearts are to be reconciled, and to [free] those in bondage, and to the debt-ridden, and for the cause of God, and to the wayfarer. [This is] an obligation from God. And God is all-knowing, all-wise.” ( Al-Tawbah, 9:60)
D: Benefits of Zakat:
Zakat, giving and generosity are means of gladdening the heart, but no one benefits from that except the one who gives gladly and willingly, and gives the wealth from his heart before he gives it from his hand. zakat joins a person to the ranks of the true believers, salvation from the heat of the Day of Resurrection, a mean of entering Paradise, social security to benefit his community. It extinguishes the hatred between rich and poor, prevents financial crimes, leads a man to learn the commands of God. It purifies wealth, bringing Allah’s blessings. , wards off a bad death and It expiates for sins among many other benefits.