Fasting in Ramadhan is obligatory on every sane, adult Muslim male/female. It was required of Muslims during the Second year of Hijrah (migration of Prophet Muhammad). The way of fasting is to abstain from eating, drinking any thing may pass the lips, and (intimate) relations between spouses from Dawn to Sunset, and Children over seven year are to be encouraged to fast gradually to that they get used to fasting.
One must have the Intention during the night to fast the following day of Ramadhan. It Is sufficient however, to make the Intention to fast Ramadhan at the beginning of the month.
Who is allowed to break his/her fast:
The traveler is allowed to break his last,
woman who is pregnant or breastfeeding as regarded as being like one who is ill, so she is permitted not to fast, and she only has to make up the days that she missed, whether she fears for herself or for her child.
Women ?during their monthly period” are forbidden to fast. The same applies to women during woman’s period or post-natal bleeding.
However, days of fasting so missed are to be made up when the cause of exemption is over, any time after Ramadhan excluding the Eid days.
Full exemption from Fasting is granted to those who are permanently incapacitated by reason of old age or an incurable disease. They, however, would substitute each day they so cannot fast by feeding a poor person for one day or paying the cost of food sufficient to feed a poor person one day for each day so missed.
Fasting is invalidated if a person, during fasting, intentionally eats, drinks, smokes, vomits, or lets an object pass through the throat. Fasting so invalidated should be made up after Ramadhan. However, if a person breaks his fasting by the commission of intercourse, a serious Kaffarah “penitence” applies. Fasting remains Valid if an act of breaking the fast should occur through forgetting completely about fasting.
Putting or pouring drops into the eye, bathing or washing the body, wearing perfume, cleaning the mouth and rinsing it with water only or Misuaak, with out swallowing, do not break the fast.
(According to the Qur’aan, Muslim women, they do not display their beauty, perfume and ornaments except to their husbands and Mahram relatives. (Qur’aan 24:31)
Goals to achieve in Ramadhan
Train one self to be conscious and afraid of Allah, having the same manners of the Prophet Mohammad(Salla-llahu Alayihi Wa salam), doing good deeds, humbleness, kindness, sweet heart and open hand, all what it involves a moral and social code, and a commitment to charitable Deeds. Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said that: “whoever fasts but indulges in falsehood; let him/her know that his/her giving up of food and dank shall not benefit them before Allah”. Ramadhan, therefore, is a period of meditation and Prayer, during which Muslims tend Lo withdraw a little from their usual daily affairs to spend long periods in the Mosque. These devotions are in addition to the five Daily prayers, which Muslims observe, throughout the year.